What is Coronavirus and What are the precautions against it?

What is Coronavirus and What are the precautions against it?

The Novel Coronavirus outbreak is overwhelming China and terrifying the entire world, including India.

So what exactly is Coronavirus?

According to the WHO “Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A Novel Coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.”

All Coronaviruses come from animals, including the Novel Coronavirus. The Wuhan Coronavirus outbreak likely started in the meat markets, many of those initially affected worked or shopped frequently at The Hunan Seafood Market.

Coronavirus symptoms can initially be confused with Rhinovirus symptoms because they feel so similar. The symptoms of Coronavirus include respiratory problems, fever and cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. 

How does Coronavirus spread and what are the protective measures against the Novel Coronavirus?

The nCoV Coronavirus spreads from droplets of bodily fluids – such as saliva or mucus – from an infected person to a non-infected person in close proximity, similar to other respiratory illnesses, such as the flu.

The WHO has listed the following protective measures against the new Coronavirus:

  • Wash your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water. This should kill the Coronavirus germs if they are on your hand.
  • Practice respiratory hygiene: When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue – discard tissue immediately into a closed bin and clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water. This will prevent the spread of germs and viruses.
  • Maintain social distancing: Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and other people, particularly those who are coughing, sneezing and have a fever. When someone is infected with a respiratory disease such as the nCoV Coronavirus, when they cough or sneeze they project small droplets containing the virus, and if you are too close you may breathe in the virus.
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth: Our hands touch a lot of surfaces including those that may be contaminated by the virus. If you touch your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands you may transfer the Coronavirus to yourself.
  • Avoid the consumption of raw and undercooked meat: Since nCoV Coronavirus also originates from animals like the other Coronaviruses, it is advisable to Handle raw meat, milk or animal organs with care and follow the good food safety practices.


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